Primary Classroom (3-6 y/o)

The Montessori primary classroom is a mixed age group of 3-6 year olds and is an energetically balanced environment in which children are able to teach and learn from each other. The guide and assistant present materials to the children through individualized, sequenced lessons. Children then exercise their independence by choosing activities freely according to their interest. 

"Education is a natural process carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences in the environment."

- Maria Montessori

Within the primary classroom there are 5 distinct and interconnected areas:

1. Practical life - These basic skills are the foundation for all other development. We provide activities that develop order, coordination, concentration, and independence. Through practicing practical life exercises using familiar objects found within the home, children develop the eye-hand coordination necessary for reading and writing, build self-confidence, and social skills.

Practical Life

2. Sensorial - activities that isolate and refine the senses; embody abstract concepts in a concrete form; prepare the child for reading, writing, and math; and develop an internal sense of order.


3. Language - language is taught through a highly sensorial ‘writing before reading’ sequence. Phonetic sounds are used instead of letter names and only lower-case letters are utilized until after handwriting is introduced.

Children build vocabulary through matching and classification activities and are introduced to initial sounds through the sound game. Children then practice identifying, pronouncing and tracing letters (phonetic sounds) with the sandpaper letters. They then move on to writing words using the moveable alphabet and are eventually introduced to blending (reading short phonetic words).

In the third year of primary room, children typically develop into fluent readers and expressive writers.


4. Mathematics - Maria Montessori designed highly attractive and concrete mathematical materials. The beauty of these materials lies in their simplicity. The 3-6 y/o classroom math curriculum spans from linear counting and numeral identification to all four arithmetical operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) with 4 digit numbers.

5. Culture, Science, Geography - Elements of our community’s cultures are incorporated into all areas of the classroom but especially in practical life, language, geography, and science.

Children are introduced to science and geography through the study of the solar system, features of planet earth, our oceans and continents and the elements of the biomes of North America.

Children learn to conduct their own research, construct detailed projects, and write facts about areas of interest.


Nature Walks

The primary class spends one work period per week at the local Fort Tryon Park, weather permitting. 

“When children come into contact with nature, they reveal their strength.”

- Maria Montessori


8:00-8:30 Arrival, Work Period Begins

8:30-11:30 Work Period ends, Circle Time

10:30 Outside Time

11:30 Circle Time

11:45 Lunch

12:30 Half-Day Pick Up

12:30-2:30 Naptime

12:30 Kindergarten Lessons

2:45-3:15 Enrichment

3:30 Full-Day Pick Up

3:30-4:00 Afternoon Snack

4:00-5:00 Group Activities/Play

5:00-5:30 Snack

5:45 Extended-Day Pick Up